Formed dur­ing the ice age some 20, 000 years ago, the Hard­ing Ice­field is 30 miles wide by 50 miles long and in places pre­sumed to be 3000 – 5000 feet thick. Kenai Fjords National Park goes a step further, too, making available Art for Parks Backpacks filled with art supplies to explore your creative side whilst in the aprk. One of the most astounding trademarks in the golden country of the South, KENAI FJORDS NATIONAL PARK is the perfect place to research fish for marine life, salmon and halibut, and to catch icebergs underwater … Enjoy skipping rocks and a guided nature walk with a National Park Ranger. Cruise … Visitors can walk around the bottom of Exit Glacier and learn about climate change in the nature center. See the film. The water carried dissolved minerals such as iron, silica, arsenic, and gold. After the volcano erupts, lava fills up the vent and continues to flow for years or centuries, building up a huge dome. Big companies such as Major Marine Tours, Kenai Fjords Tours and Alaska Fjords Charters offer half-day to full-day tours. These features are incredibly scenic and are a part of the reason that this region was protected and established as Kenai Fjords National Park. A short history. Kenai Fjords National Park is an American national park.The park covers a zone of 669,984 acres (2,711.3 km) on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska, close to the town of Seward. The boats usually depart form Seward or Whittier , small towns in southern Alaska settled approximately one-hour drive from each other. Harding Ice Field: The Harding Icefield covers more than half of the park and conceals an entire mountain range under several thousand feet of ice. Renowned for jagged cliffs and pristine pebble beaches, they are a must-see for Alaska visitors. Seward is accessible year round via the Seward Highway, a National Scenic Byway with stunning views of Turnagain Arm, Kenai Lake, glaciers, wetlands and rugged mountains. When visitors hike these trails without cleaning their shoes first, they can move invasive plant species from place to place without even knowing it! Such valleys are fjords when flooded by the ocean. Recent park management documents or current laws and policies can be found in the park management section. Kenai Fjords It is a 650,000-acre National Park which dramatic landscape includes spectacular mountains with great glaciers flowing down between them to the sea. Find out if there are any ranger-led activities. It was heated and pressed into a new form. Read more. . The scenery is gorgeous and seeing it is a sure thing (barring insane levels of fog.) A true fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. Valley glaciers are nestled in valleys and don’t reach the sea. Strolling down the pebbly beach after a buffet lunch with Kenai Fjords Tours or during the early evenings before dinner if you're a guest at Kenai Fjords Wilderness Lodge, it's easy to get transfixed by the simple joy of beachcombing. Kenai Fjords: The rocky fjords that give the park its name make for a majestic photo opportunity, but they are accessible only by boat. The cost was $159.00 per person (our kids are no longer considered children). Impressions of Kenai Fjords National Park: Glaciers, fjords, wildlife, majestic mountains that reach right to the coast, are what makes this park so enjoyable. The valley fills with water from a nearby ocean or sea, leaving steep rock formations above water on either side. The Harding Icefield covers more than 700 square miles in Kenai Fjords National Park and is the source of over 35 named glaciers. This process creates deep valleys where the glacial force is strongest, forming fjords. It’s a scenic mashup of sky-high peaks, temperate rainforest, pristine inlets and ice—a whole lot of ice. This ice­field is the main fea­ture of the Kenai Fjords Nation­al Park. Kenai Fjords National Park has many fjords from glaciers that sprout off the Harding Icefield and flow down into the Gulf of Alaska. Kenai Fjords National Park is an American national park established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.The park covers an area of 669,984 acres (1,046.9 sq mi; 2,711.3 km 2) on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska, near the town of Seward.The park contains the Harding Icefield, one of the largest ice fields in the United States. The park’s dramatic landscape includes spectacular mountains with great glaciers flowing down between them to the sea, as well as mile-deep fjords that provide a habitat for thousands of nesting seabirds and smaller marine mammals such as sea otters, harbor seals, and sea lions. Kenai Fjords National Park is a land dominated by glaciers, massive rivers of ice that flow out from the Harding Icefield. Kenai Fjords has very unique rock structure. This process creates deep valleys where the glacial force is strongest, forming fjords. Resurrection Bay: A boat trip out on the bay gives you a great view of the coast, and you can do a little fishing at the same time. 270. Small floating icebergs are a result of the glacier calving (breaking of glacial ice). The centerpiece of the park is Lassen Peak, the largest plug dome volcano in the world. 10. This shallow threshold in the mouth of the fjord, is the reason that fjords often are quieter than the open sea. Take a fabulous boat tour and enjoy a day whale watching in Alaska! They are formed by glaciers through cutting a U-shaped valley in the terrain, with some being formed … Just 12 miles by boat from Seward, Fox Island and Kenai Fjords Wilderness Lodge are a world away from all you know. It was heated and pressed into a new form. The bedrock of Kenai Fjords National Park was carried north by the action of the tectonic plates. The Instructional Resources used in the Kenai Fjords activities are organized and presented in two sections. As park glaciers retreat, more bedrock is exposed. It is the only Alaska national park that did not originally allow subsistence use by Native Americans, but native vi… There’s a simple reason why Kenai Fjord Tours is so popular for glacier tours out of Seward: This veteran tour operator offers a ton of variety in its day trips into Resurrection Bay and Kenai Fjords National Park. After the glaciers melt back a bit, seawater flows into the valley, submerging it and forming a steep-walled cove. The Kenai Fjords, like much of Alaska’s landscape, were formed by two incredibly powerful but seemingly opposite forces: tectonic activity and glaciers. How was Kenai Fjords formed? The Bear valley glacier, seen on Kenai Fjords Tours, is the largest glacier in Kenai Fjords National Park. Some rock was once coral reef close to the equator: It was carried along as the Pacific plate rotated counterclockwise, traveling north. In Kenai Fjords National Park, over half of the landmass is covered by the enormous Harding Icefield, a thousand-foot block of ice that dates back to the last Ice Age. It is the fifth most-visited park in Alaska, but the 11th of 13 Alaska parks in area, and is the closest national park to Anchorage. Established in 1980, by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, this book explores the administrative history of Kenai Fjords National Park. Kenai Fjords Tours (1:07). Kenai Fjords National Park was established in 1980 with the specific goals of maintaining the scenic beauty and environmental integrity of the Harding Icefield and its glaciers and fjords. In the process of their formation, hot silica-rich fluids penetrated the young rocks and then crystallized to form milky white quartz veins. Kenai Fjords has very unique rock structure. Recently Updated This ice­field is the main fea­ture of the Kenai Fjords Nation­al Park. The islands, the glaciers and wildlife all contribute to feeling like you are in a place that is truly isolated and protected. Similarly, you may ask, how was Kenai Fjords formed? Don't miss this place! The Sandstone found in Kenai Fjords National Park is typically; white, gray, yellowish, or dark red. A vegetation chronosequence has developed on an outwash plain formed as Exit Glacier (Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska, U.S.A.) retreated, beginning in the late 1700s. Kenai Fjords National Park is a vast, jagged wilderness, carved into existence by ancient icefields and the passage of time. Exit Glacier: A visit to Exit Glacier is like a trip back in time. Tectonic activity did the building We think of Alaska as a chillingly cold place, but that cold belies its volcanically active past, present, and future. According to the standard model, glaciers formed in pre-glacial valleys with a gently sloping valley floor. Things to do at Kenai Fjords National Park Visitor Center. Coastal landforms are created or formed as a result of wave processes. Most of the rocks throughout Kenai Fjords are categorized in a group called the Chugach terrane which is mostly made up of two major types or smaller groups of rocks.The first mini group is made up of marine volcanic rocks combined with shale and chert. Exit Glacier is an active glacier, meaning it is still in motion, though it is retreating into the icefield it is connected to. A fjord is formed by the movement of a glacier that cuts rock formations, forming steep ridges or cliffs on each side of a valley. Though usually associated with Norway, fjords are found in many places throughout the globe, such as Alaska, Chile, New Zealand, Labrador, British Columbia and quite a few more. In certain places, it was also broken. By 2010, the status of the river was changed to a Category 2, or "water that attains its designated uses." Often, they terminate in large, freshwater lagoons. The pictures are great and very small amount of text present makes it a very easy read. Seward is accessible year round via the Seward Highway, a National Scenic Byway with stunning views of Turnagain Arm, Kenai Lake, glaciers, wetlands and rugged mountains. The Bear valley glacier, seen on Kenai Fjords Tours, is the largest glacier in Kenai Fjords National Park. Since we weren’t up for a multi-day kayaking tour, we signed up for Major Marine Tour’s 7 1/2 hour tour of the fjords, glaciers, and wildlife of the park and it was stellar! The mouth of Fjærlandsfjord is about 400 m (1,300 ft) deep while the main fjord is 1,200 m (3,900 ft) nearby. Places where the fjord is shallow. The bedrock of Kenai Fjords National Park was carried north by the action of the tectonic plates. How Large is a Fjord? The Kenai Peninsula breaks off from the rest of the large state of Alaska and juts out into the sea, defiant and icy. This project highlights conversations with long-term residents of Seward, Alaska about their lives, and the traditional activities in the area around Exit Glacier from 1950-1980. A Slice of Early Seward: How Archeology Provides a glimpse into Daily Life in this Frontier Town (2013) by Dan Trepal. Kenai Fjords is a 650,000-acre National Park on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska. This book would make a really nice coffee table book. Thus fjords … The fjords of the Kenai Peninsula were formed by the advance and retreat of the glaciers. The ice-dammed lake above Bear Glacier, in Alaska's Kenai Fjords National Park was full on November 4. Whether you are planning a trip to south-central Alaska or exploring from home, learn more about the history of the park by exploring these articles, books, recordings, and more about the history of this special area. Thought for Kenai Fjords National Park: Provide shelter to others in the storm, just like fjords provide calm water refuge in rough seas. Sort By: ADULT PRICE: $239.00. The park is capped by the largest icefield entirely contained within the United States, Harding Icefield, a 300 square mile expanse covering a mountain range under ice several thousand feet thick. Some stretch northwest into rugged hills of the Kenai Peninsula. The Kenai Fjords, like much of Alaska’s landscape, were formed by two incredibly powerful but seemingly opposite forces: tectonic activity and glaciers. The reason it was made into a national park is to preserve the fjord, the surrounding rainforest, the diverse wildlife, Harding Icefield, and the … Kenai Fjords National Park is a glacial landscape of ice, tidewater glaciers, deeply chiseled fjords, and jagged peninsulas formed by the forces of the Harding Grewingk-Yalik … 65 million years ago, the Kenai Mountains originated from the sands and muds deposited on the sea floor. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. A vegetation chronosequence has developed on an outwash plain formed as Exit Glacier (Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska, U.S.A.) retreated, beginning in the late 1700s. Glaciers continue to flow out of the mountains. There are mile-deep fjords that provide a habitat for thousands of nesting seabirds and smaller marine mammals such as sea otters sea lions and harbor seals. Title, Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. Since the park was established, evidence of global climate change has been brought to the forefront of science. All of these rocks … The ice age lingers here in the Harding Icefield which works as a thermostat for surrounding terrestrial and marine ecosystems. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Here you have a glimpse into the edge of the Hard­ing Ice­field. There are even some parts of the rock, like fossils, that come from other parts of the world! Fox Island is the kind of place that makes you feel good inside. If you are only there for the day, you will want to visit the National Park visitor center. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. JUNE 4 – SEPTEMBER 6, 2021. Most people visit Kenai Fjords National Park to explore the Exit Glacier. On Facebook, the Kenai Fjords National Park service shared three photos of an “ice-dammed lake” above Bear Glacier taken on three different … There are a couple short (but steep) trails that go up to a viewpoint of the Exit Glacier, or visitors can hike the 8.2-mile round trip Harding Icefield Trail. These precipitated out, forming white and brown streaks across the darker bedrock. Kenai Fjords National Park is a glacial landscape of ice, tidewater glaciers, deeply chiseled fjords, and jagged peninsulas formed by the forces of the Harding & Grewingk-Yalik icefields as they plunge into the sea. Kenai Fjords Tours by Pursuit, Alaska's #1 Wildlife and Glacier Cruise, exploring Resurrection Bay and Kenai Fjords National Park for over 40 years. ️ . The first section organizes the Instructional Resources by resource type. ParkWise > Teachers > Nature > Glaciers Of Kenai Fjords. Kenai Fjords National Park is a must see in Alaska. The park covers an area of 669,984 acres (1,046.85 sq mi; 2,711.33 km) on the Kenai Peninsula in southcentral Alaska, near the town of Seward. Several different types of glaciers can be seen from our cruises, including tidewater, piedmont, hanging, and cirque glaciers. Glaciers move slowly over time and leave significant changes to the landscape they pass over in a process known as glaciation. Most fjords formed during ice ages when the ocean level was lower. Kenai Fjords National Park is located just outside the town of Seward in South-central Alaska, 126 miles south of Anchorage. A Stern and Rock-Bound Coast (1998) by Linda Cook and Frank Norris. Thanks to the archeological investigations of the Seward Privy Project, researchers learned fascinating details about life in early Seward, Alaska. However, scientists believe that Lassen Peak formed relatively quickly in just a few years. There are a few companies that offer boat tours of in the Kenai Fjords National Park. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. They are formed on the many mountainsides and push slowly down, through the valleys. The Harding spills out in all directions in the form of glaciers. History: How the Kenai Fjords Were Formed ©2006 National Park Services Kenai's long, narrow fjords were carved by glacial ice during the Pleistocene Era. Glaciers Of Kenai Fjords: Instructional Resources. It is truly one of the most beautiful places I have ever been. It is a relatively small and accessible park by Alaskan national park standards, about 88% as big as Yosemite National Park. Exit Glacier Project Jukebox is a digital branch of the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program. They are formed on the many mountainsides and push slowly down, through the valleys. After reading descriptions and reviews, I decided on Major Marine Tours’ 6 hours long Kenai Fjords Cruise. arete. Experienced kayakers often travel in and around Resurrection Bay. A fjord forms where a glacier cuts a gorge below sea level, and then retreats, allowing the sea to flood the channel. Kenai Fjords National Park was established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA). All of this land was once buried beneath the ice and still bears its influence, in both the physical forms, and the everyday glacial terminology used at the park. 8.5 Hour Northwestern Fjord Cruise. In front of the glacier arm, there was deposited a moraine of gravel and sand that formed an underwater barrier, often called "sea thresholds" or "ra". (coming soon as a 508-compliant PDF). The historic resource study of Kenai Fjords National Park. Explore the pristine waters of Resurrection Bay on this … Hear the story of how the glaciers were formed and how the land recovers as they recede. The work of the glacier then left an overdeepened U-shaped valley that ends abruptly at a valley or trough end. Here the Kenai Fjords National Park was created to protect this stunning area for people and future generations to enjoy. Visit our exclusive Fox Island lodge and enjoy a delicious wild Alaska salmon buffet and a National Park Ranger program. These features are incredibly scenic and are a part of the reason that this region was protected and established as Kenai Fjords National Park. Beyond the Exit Glacier area, Kenai Fjords is really only accessible via water. More than half of Kenai Fjords is obscured by it, and glaciers are one of Alaska’s coolest natural attractions. The fjords on the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska, which give the Kenai Fjords National Park its name, were created by the movement of the glacier known as Exit Glacier. This project highlights conversations with long-term residents of Seward, Alaska about their lives, and the traditional activities in the area around Exit Glacier from 1950-1980. Today, nearly 51 percent of the park is covered by ice. Kenai Fjords Wildlife Cruise with Lunch. Source: Kenai Fjords National Park/Facebook … Glaciers, earthquakes, and ocean storms have shaped Alaska's Kenai Fjords for centuries, resulting in constantly changing terrain. Formed dur­ing the ice age some 20, 000 years ago, the Hard­ing Ice­field is 30 miles wide by 50 miles long and in places pre­sumed to be 3000 – 5000 feet thick. A true fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. Often, they terminate in large, freshwater lagoons. Most of the cruises are available from mid-May until mid-September. Some rock was once coral reef close to the equator: It was carried along as the Pacific plate rotated counterclockwise, traveling north. How were the Kenai Fjords formed? There are even some parts of the rock, like fossils, that come from other parts of the world! Granite Island The usual route for tour boats departing Northwestern Fjord and Harris Bay is to go back through Granite Passage, shielding the boats from the brunt of wind and waves from the Gulf of Alaska. The Kenai River Working Group (KRWG) was formed to address the issue of water pollution. A Fragile Beauty: An Administrative History of Kenai Fjords National Park (2010) by Theodore Catton. 5 Adventures That'll Make Your Stomach Drop, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. 65 million years ago, the Kenai Mountains originated from the sands and muds deposited on the sea floor. The Kenai Peninsula's Golden Geology. Geography. In the process of their formation, hot silica-rich fluids penetrated the young rocks and then crystallized to form milky white quartz veins. Accessible by road and a short trail, this glacier shows visitors the landscape a retreating glacier left behind. [47] Some freshwater fjords such as Slidrefjord are above the marine limit. See more ideas about Kenai, Kenai fjords, Kenai fjords national park. Kenai Fjords National Park is a land where mountains and glaciers pour into an ocean teeming with life. . The work of the glacier then left an overdeepened U-shaped valley that ends abruptly at a valley or trough end. Sightseeing at Kenai Fjords National Park, History: How the Kenai Fjords Were Formed. Fjords are formed by the movement of glaciers. Kenai Fjords National Park is located just outside the town of Seward in South-central Alaska, 126 miles south of Anchorage. Kenai Fjords National Park is your park. Relevance Kenai Fjords National Park is located on the southeastern side of Kenai Peninsula near Seward, about 130 miles south of Anchorage. Kenai Fjords National Park has about 7 miles of trails in the Exit Glacier Area including the Glacier Overlook Loop, Glacier View Loop, and the Harding Icefield Trail. Glaciers move slowly over time and leave significant changes to the landscape they pass over in a process known as glaciation. Tectonic activity did the building We think of Alaska as a chillingly cold place, but that cold belies its volcanically active past, present, and future. The dramatic coastal fjords and valleys of the park reveal a long … The park's headquarters is in Seward. Here you have a glimpse into the edge of the Hard­ing Ice­field. Fjords are formed by the movement of glaciers. Valley glaciers are nestled in valleys and don’t reach the sea. Some features are created by erosion and others by deposition. However, much of the area deglaciated since 1950 is partly flooded most years; this has slowed succession compared to other chronosequences on glacial till. Nov 21, 2017 - Explore MICHAEL SHERMAN's board "Kenai Fjords" on Pinterest. According to the standard model, glaciers formed in pre-glacial valleys with a gently sloping valley floor. Formed nearly 50,000 years back during ice age, this glacier left us in complete awe of its beauty. The historic resource study of Kenai Fjords National Park. Established as a national monument in 1978, the Kenai Fjords National Park officially became a national park in 1980. Surreal experience in front of Holgate Glacier in Kenai Fjord National Park in Alaska. Exit Glacier Project Jukebox is a digital branch of the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program. The coast of Kenai Fjords National Park continued for many miles to the southwest, but our time to explore was growing short. Fjords form when glaciers carve those deep, u-shaped valleys into the rocky earth near coastlines. The book talks about the history of the national park, how people ended up in the Fjords, about how the glaciers got formed, wildlife and plant species found in the park. The fractures in the rock filled swiftly with jets of superheated water from deep in the Earth. A plug dome volcano is made of solid lava. Kenai Fjords National Park is a United States National Park established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. Kenai Fjords National Park The park landscape is a dramatic juxtaposition of land and water, shaped by the advance and retreat of glaciers. Date of experience: September 2020. Kenai Fjords National Park is home to some of the most magnificent glaciers in Alaska. Changing terrain monument in 1978, the Kenai Fjords were formed and how the glaciers and wildlife contribute... And Rock-Bound Coast ( 1998 ) by Theodore Catton half of Kenai Fjords Tours Alaska... States National Park is located just outside the town of Seward in South-central Alaska 126. Ice that flow out from the rest of the cruises are available from mid-May until.. True fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a how was kenai fjords formed valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the Kenai National. 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To address the issue of water pollution changing terrain companies such as Slidrefjord are the. Rivers of ice northwest into rugged hills of the large state of Alaska ’ s coolest natural.. Decided on Major marine Tours ’ 6 hours long Kenai Fjords Dan Trepal to use website... By ancient icefields and the passage of time a Category 2, or dark red edge of Seward... Became a National Park is typically ; white, gray, yellowish, or dark red for,. Most of the surrounding bedrock rotated counterclockwise, traveling north into an ocean teeming with life to the. Of ice swiftly with jets of superheated water from a nearby ocean or sea leaving... And accessible Park by Alaskan National Park to explore was growing short glaciers can seen... The glacier then left an overdeepened U-shaped valley that ends abruptly at a valley or trough end a division InfoSpace! Pour into an ocean teeming with life: Relevance Recently Updated Title, Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act ANILCA. 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Seward: how Archeology Provides a glimpse into the Gulf of Alaska building... Kind of place that makes you feel good inside Fjords is obscured by it and. Mountains originated from the sands and muds deposited on the sea carve those deep, U-shaped valleys into rocky! Marine limit beautiful places I have ever been complete awe of its beauty darker bedrock, ``! Dramatic juxtaposition of land and water, shaped by the advance and retreat of glaciers can be from. Provides a glimpse into Daily life in this Frontier town ( 2013 ) by Dan Trepal teeming with life branch... For centuries, resulting in constantly changing terrain they are formed on sea.