[3], Balewa began his education at a Koranic School in Bauchi; when southern colonial administrators began to push for western education in the Northern region, Balewa was among the children sent to Tafawa Balewa Elementary School, after the Koranic school. They are doing that because the president is a Fulani man. The Middlebelt has ruled Nigeria most in number of years and time. In total, the journey took him 10 days. Balewa retained the post as Prime Minister of Nigeria when Nigeria gained independence in 1960, and was reelected in 1964. Balewa's father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was of Gere ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was of Gere and Fulani descent. Balewa was among the new legislators in Kaduna. Fulani settlers were to hterarily translate Pusji to Tafawa - Balewa, a Fulani word for black stone. [4] The College was several kilometers from Bauchi and was not close to a railway station nor other public transportation. In the Northern Assembly, he sought more roles and responsibility in the Native Administration for the educated members of the emirates.[3]. The three regions then were composed of diverse cultural groups. Tafawa Balewa is a local government area in the Southern part of Bauchi State in northern Nigeria.Its headquarters is in the town of Tafawa Balewa. Originally a trained teacher, he became a vocal leader for Northern interest as one of the few educated Nigerians of his time. When Tafawa Balewa visited The U.S. in 1961, he had an aura of superiority around himself and carried himself majestically to the delight of the blacks and the amazement of the whites. Though, Awolowo, the leader of A.G. and premier of the Western region was skeptical of the plan,[5] the national executive committee of Action Group party endorsed the National Government and Ayo Rosiji and Samuel Akintola were nominated by the party. ", "Fulani men, allegedly dressed in black, burn 5 villages, kill 5 in Bauchi State", "Tafawa Balewa: Residents blame govt for attack by herdsmen", "Hot spot: Yuguda threatens to demolish Tafawa Balewa town -", "Relocation of council headquarters sparks off uproar -", "ArewaReport: Controversy trails shift of LG hqtrs in Bauchi - Lawmakers, lawyers trade words", "Bauchi leaders protest relocation of council headquarters", "HURIWA faults continued suspension of Bauchi Assembly only female member", "… AS COMMUNITIES QUERY LOCAL GOVT'S RELOCATION", "This Yuguda's tenacious frolics of persecution", "Lawmaker Accuses Bauchi Govt of Constitutional Breaches, Articles", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tafawa_Balewa,_Bauchi&oldid=983163457, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Nigeria articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 16:40. tobtap: tafa balewa is not fulani..he belong to a minority tribe in bauchi,gowon is beron,ibb is gwari and abdulsalam is hausa.. i think nigeria dont need to elect a president based on his tribe but based on merit and what such have to offer Tafawa Balewa is Sefawa, Gowon is Angas, IBB is Gwari while Abdulsalami is Nupe. In 1941, he became acquainted with a young Aminu Kano, who was posted to the school as a teacher. A school teacher, politician. "[8], Tafawa Balewa town is inhabited by Jarawa, Fulani, Hausa, Sayawa, Kanuri, Tapshinawa (angas) and other tribes. [3], Katsina College had British expatriate teachers, many of whom had been educated at leading British schools and then attended Cambridge or Oxford. [4][5][6][7] An Associated Press story states, "The Sayawas are in the majority in the town and its surrounding villages, but their traditional rulers have been of the predominantly Muslim Fulani ethnic group. Tafawa Balewa is a local government area in the Southern part of Bauchi State in northern Nigeria. It was 52 years ago that he celebrated his last Christmas. Today, his portrait adorns the 5 Naira Note. He was an important leader in the formation of the Organisation of African Unity and creating a cooperative relationship with French speaking African countries. His body was discovered at a roadside near Lagos six days after he was ousted from office. I shall direct the complete demolition of the town for peace to reign.” An "emergency joint stakeholders meeting of Muslims and Christians representatives of Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro local government areas" was held, and an agreement was reached. Rapheal Related Posts. The town has been a hot-bed of communal crises that have lingered for over 50 years; as witnessed in 1948, 1959, 1977, 1991, 1995, 2001, 2005, 2010, 2011 and 2012, with hundreds of lives lost and property worth millions of naira destroyed. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912- January 15, 1966) was Nigeria’s first Prime Minister. The premiers and some prominent leaders of the regions later took on a policy of guiding their regions against political encroachment from other regional leaders. Tafawa Balewa was a vocal […] The farm was located on the way to Tafawa Balewa village about nine miles outside Bauchi; many official decisions while in office were taken at the farm. [2][3] The major ethnic groups are the Sayawa and Hausa/Fulani. Events and themes within the novel dealt with slave trade, familial relationships and Islamic themes of submission to the will of God. The area has been known for sectarian and ethnic violence over the years. In 1948 Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a man that was to later become the Prime Minister of Nigeria said, ... “The Fulani herdsmen are Nigerians and have a right to be here. Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1960-1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE(1) (December 1912 â January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the only prime minister of an independent Nigeria. For instance, the late Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was and still is often called a “Hausa-Fulani” by the southern press even though he was Gere, a minority ethnic group in Bauchi. Although it is widely (incorrectly) presumed that he was Hausa, Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was in fact of Bageri ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was Fulani. Alh. 1965 was the last time Nigeria had a normal Christmas when both Christians and Muslims across the country celebrated the yuletide. [12], In 2012, "the state government through the House of Assembly finally resolved to relocate the headquarters of the local government to Bununu town. The Sayawa Council of Elders and Traditional Rulers in Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro local councils of Bauchi State condemned the relocation. The bone of contention of the frequent clashes in the area has to do with the chieftaincy and ownership of Tafawa Balewa town. In 1934, Balewa wrote Shaihu Umar, a novella about a pious Muslim in response to a request to promote Hausa literature by Rupert East, head of the colonial Translation Bureau. He was nicknamed as the “Golden Voice Of Africa” over his eloquence and oratorical prowess. Balewa was among those nominated to Lagos and along with Kashim Ibrahim and Muhammadu Ribadu were nominated to become ministers. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1922 and was killed on January 15, 1966. [6], Shaihu Umar was staged as a play in the 1970s.[6]. For the person, see, "Nigeria's Forgotten Heroes: Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (Part 1)", "Christian Leaders in Nigeria Call Bauchi Violence Premeditated", "The Traditional Status of Tafawa Balewa Town", "Abubakar And Tafawa Balewa Town: A Tale Of Two Titans! A right honourable gentleman : Abubakar from the black rock : a narrative chronicle of the life and times of Nigeria's Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa by Trevor Clark ( Book ) The Man, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, the first prime minister of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1957-1966 ( Book ) He led a vocal protest against the Sharpeville Massacre of 1960 and also entered into an alliance with Commonwealth ministers who wanted South Africa to leave the Commonwealth in 1961. This article is about the person. The major ethnic groups are the Sayawa and Hausa/Fulani. "[1], The area has been known for sectarian and ethnic violence over the years. In 1948 Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a man that was to later become the Prime Minister of Nigeria said, “Since 1914, the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite. [3] Like many of his contemporaries, he studied at Barewa College, then known as Katsina College, where he was student number 145. The Igbo man thinks his problem is the Yoruba man, the Yoruba man thinks his problem is the Fulani man, the Fulani man’s eyes turn red when he sees the Igbo man, and … Balewa was buried in Bauchi. [7] At his death, his major assets included his house in Bauchi and a 50-acre farm where he vacationed when he wanted to relax. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 22:41. Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (rock) and Baleri (black). [9], In 2011, 38 people died in violence that began after an argument in a snooker hall, and Kutaru, Malanchi, Gongo, Gumel, and Gital villages were burned down in a reprisal attack. Later on, this political environment influenced the Balewa administration. While lamenting that it was an Igbo man, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, ... he was merely made a ceremonial President, thus ceding all the powers to Alhaji Tafawa Balewa, a Fulani man. The first Prime Minister was from Bauchi State. 1. In 1957, he was elected Chief Minister, forming a coalition government between the Northern People's Congress (NPC) and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), led by Nnamdi Azikiwe… He taught at the school and rose to become a senior schoolmaster. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in modern-day Bauchi State, in the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1961, the Balewa government created an official Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations ministerial position in favour of Jaja Wachuku who became, from 1961 to 1965, the first substantive Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, later called External Affairs. He was also instrumental in negotiations between Moise Tshombe and the Congolese authorities during the Congo Crisis of 1960–1964. Balewa entered the government in 1952, as Minister of Works, and later served as Minister of Transport. Apparently a young officer of the Nigerian Army at the time Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the Nigerian Prime Minister from 1957 – 1966, it goes without saying that President Muhammadu Buhari must know of Balewa, even if he didn’t know him. Students were taught in English, and speech was an important part of learning for the students. As part of his plans to unify the country towards the move for independence in 1960, he formed a coalition government between the NPC and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), led by Nnamdi Azikiwe and also invited the Action Group (A.G.), the 1957 cabinet was constituted as an all party cabinet. This may have contributed to the “Black Rock” nickname he acquired in later life. In 1948 Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a man that was to later become the Prime Minister of Nigeria said, “Since 1914, the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite. "[19], The Saya language is spoken in Tafawa Balewa LGA. However, as Prime Minister of Nigeria, he played important roles in the continent's formative indigenous rule. [20], Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in Tafawa Balewa village. [3] In 1944, Balewa and some other educated teachers in the Northern Provinces were chosen to study abroad at the University of London's Institute of Education, which today forms part of University College London. Mbadiwe from NCNC and Akintola from AG.[3]. Together with Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello, who held the hereditary title of Sardauna of Sokoto, they proposed the transformation of the cultural organization, Jam'iyyar Mutanen Arewa, which means Northern People's Congress (NPC) in English, to become a political platform for use as campaign platform during the elections of 1951. He was elected in 1946 to the Northern House of Assembly, and to the Legislative Council in 1947. Prior to Nigeria's independence, a constitutional conference in 1954 had adopted a regional political framework for the country, with all regions given a considerable amount of political freedom. If you call him a Northerner, you are right, but he is definitely not a Fulani man. Its headquarters is in the town of Tafawa Balewa. [1][2] His father worked in the house of the district head of Lere, a district within the Bauchi Emirate. Conversely however, if his official birthday of April 17, 1967 is indeed real, Abubakar […] As a matter of fact, Ijebus are from Sudan and are not Oduduwa's children. Tafawa Balewa was a vocal leader, a trained teacher, and he was one of the most educated northerners during his lifetime. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was conceived in December 1912 in Bauchi State. However, a treason charge and conviction against one of the western region's leaders, Obafemi Awolowo, led to protest and condemnation from many of his supporters. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa had Four wives – Jummai, Umma, Zainab and Laraba. NPC won the plurality of votes to the regional House of Assembly in 1951. The circumstances of his death still remain unresolved. Just like Balewa, Buhari has turned a deaf ear to solicitations not to set Nigeria alight by this ominous silence on Amotekun. News of his assassination spurred violent riots throughout Northern Nigeria and ultimately led to the bloody counter-coup of July 1966.[4]. [6] Written in a prose homily structure,[4][6] the protagonist, Shaihu Umar, recounts his events in his life's history. Another problem with the label is that it erases the identity of millions of ethnically and culturally “unmingled” Fulani people in Nigeria’s northeast and elsewhere. The pillory of Balewa that resulted from this peremptory treatment of the western crisis was accentuated by his perceived shield of his party man and “fast drowning political friend” – a la the Nigerian press – Premier S. L. Akintola and Balewa’s refusal to invoke the Emergency powers as he did in 1962. Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (rock) and Baleri (black). [15] Hon. That same year, Buhari was gifted with double promotion on the same day by the govt of Tafawa Balewa. Balewa was the first and … But because Awolowo was a great man, I will associate with him. The name of his birthplace was appended to Abubakar’s name (Abubakar Tafawa Balewa). [10][11], In 2011, Bauchi State, Governor Isa Yuguda "threatened to demolish Tafawa Balewa town with the exception of government institutions like hospitals and schools," telling residents “You should either embrace peaceful coexistence or stand the risk of total ejection from Tafawa Balewa. It was the fulanis and the killing was done by another fulani man, Muhammadu Buhari, who was the then platoon commander, 2nd infantry brigade, Abeokuta. The man felt that I was in a hurry and the young veiled Muslim woman who crossed the road caused some delay to my journey. Tafawa Balewa was a teacher, a legislator, a politician who founded Northern People’s Congress ( NPC ) alongside Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, and he was the first Nigerian Prime Minister. He trekked for 40 kilometers a day, before finding a resting place at a nearby village. In 1957, NPC won the plurality of votes in the Federal House of Representatives and Balewa became the Chief Minister and designated Prime Minister. His term in office was turbulent, with regional factionalism constantly threatening his government. Brought into the world a commoner in the north of colonial Nigeria, he had training as a teacher. Look at Tafawa Balewa sons, go to Balewa’s house in Bauchi and see how affluent he was. Under a new constitution, the Macpherson Constitution of 1951, an electoral college system was implemented whereby, some regional legislators were elected to the Federal House of Representatives in Lagos, and among the federal legislators, three members from each region would be appointed federal ministers with portfolio. During holidays, which was twice a year, Balewa trekked home, a journey of more than 400 kilometers. After a student unrest, investigations into student grievances indicted the headmaster, and in 1941 Balewa was nominated as the new headmaster. Were Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa to be alive today,he would be 105. ", "Attackers kill 16, burn homes in north Nigeria town", "Christian Communities near Town in Nigeria Disappearing", "CONTROVERSY TRAILS SHIFT OF LG HQTRS IN BAUCHI", "16 die, 20 houses burnt down in northern Nigeria", "Will relocation of Tafawa Balewa LG headquarters guarantee peace? 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