1246, 18 U.S.C. 1486, which Congress passed in 1923 to regulate certain dairy products. United States v. Carolene Products Company, 304 U.S. 144 (1938), was a case of the United States Supreme Court that upheld the federal government's power to prohibit filled milk from being shipped in interstate commerce. 640. Argued April 6, 1938. 1234 (1938), in which the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Filled Milk Act, 42 Stat. 675, 678, 679, and as we do, of the reports of the committees of the House of Representatives and the Senate which show that other considerations than nutritional deficiencies influenced the prohibition of the shipment of filled milk in interstate commerce. 778 82 L.Ed. Show Links. On appeal to the federal government, the court was tasked with determining whether the Act was unconstitutional under the Fifth Amendment. Carolene Products, a milk manufacturer, was indicted under the Act. Carolene Products Co Case Brief - Rule of Law: The Court upheld a federal prohibition on the interstate shipment of filled milk, because it is. Rather, the concept of the "rational basis test" emerged in the wake of the New Deal, and Footnote Four of Carolene Products. 682, 18 U.S.C.A. Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of Illinois. The case was brought here on appeal under the Criminal Appeals Act of March 2, 1907, 34 Stat. Carolene Products Co Case Brief - Rule of Law: When evidence exists in support of economic or social legislation, then it is not the place of. 1234 UNITED STATES. Stone used it to suggest categories in which a general presumption in favor of the constitutionality of legislation might be inappropriate. Carolene Products Co., D.C., 51 F.Supp. The case dealt with a federal law that prohibited filled milk (skimmed milk compounded with any fat or oil other than milk fat, so as to resemble milk or cream) from being shipped in interstate commerce. United States v. Carolene Products Company, 304 U.S. 144 (1938), was an April 25, 1938 decision by the United States Supreme Court. Show Highlights. CAROLENE PRODUCTS COMPANY, UNITED STATES v. Footnote Four 304 U.S. 144 (1938)Footnote four to Justice harlan f. stone's opinion in united states v. carolene products co. (1938) undoubtedly is the best known, most controversial footnote in constitutional law. FOOTNOTE 4Footnote 4 is a footnote to United States v. Carolene Products Co., 304 U.S. 144, 58 S. Ct. 778, 82L. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. 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