(1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. Main doorways were built above ground level; disadvantages of stone keep castles. > Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. 5 improvments for a Motte and Bailey Castle 5 Terms. A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle situated on a raised earthwork and surrounded by a ditch and protective fence. [38] Another factor may have been speed, as ringworks were faster to build than mottes. Click the button below to download this worksheet for use in the classroom or at home. Motte and Bailey castles were fine while the Normans had little time and needed to show their control quickly. The motte and bailey castle was an early form of medieval fortification especially popular with the Normans in northern France and Britain during the 11th century CE. They protected the soldiers that William used to control the country and were easy to … Although William the Conqueror is credited with the introduction of the Norman castle in Britain, it is believed that there were three … Oxford Castle. At the foot of the motte was an enclosure called the bailey where the soldiers had their living quarters. The remains of many motte … The lines on the plan show how the ground rises and falls. Windsor Castle, in England, is an example of a motte-and-bailey castle. The castles were quick to build. All Castles in "Motte and bailey" (22) Motte and bailey. Their construction was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme in England and Wales. The motte-and-bailey castle was a true European innovation. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 5: The advantages of motte and bailey castles. Look at the list of information below. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 4: The gate. "Twelfth Century Great Towers - The Case for the Defence". It was a permanent structure which was harder to get into but people found ways … Motte and Bailey castles were built in the 11th century just after the battle of Hastings in 1066. 2. Concentric castles were built by … Free. A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! 3.What they looked like. Plympton Castle. Perhaps the primary benefit of the motte-and-bailey design was the relative speed and ease with which they could be constructed. The sides of the Motte were purposely made steep so that in an attack it would be impossible for the enemy to run up them in one go. There are two baileys shown on the plan, an inner and outer bailey. England saw a major castle building operation after 1066 under William the Conqueror’s command. Primarily, they were undeniably stronger defensive fortifications – until the late 12 th and early 13 th century, stone keep castles were effectively … Drag the sentences to the correct place in the table. A motte and bailey castle is, as the name suggests, made up of two parts: the motte and the bailey. Arts and Humanities. Advantages of the motte and bailey castleAdvantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. The students then read a short piece of text and use it to label a small cut-out of the Motte and Bailey and this leads nicely into a task that looks at the advantages and disadvantages of the castle. What were the advantages of motte and bailey castles? A motte-and-bailey castle is a wooden or stone keep building which sits on a raised mound called a motte and is accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, called a bailey. Christchurch Castle. A large castle might have more than one Bailey. This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. The first motte-and-bailey castle was built at Vincy, Northern France, in 979. Berkhamsted Castle. Motte and bailey castles could be built very quickly, some being raised in only eight days. Motte and bailey castles were quick and cheap to erect - - some only took a couple of weeks! Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey. Diagram of a motte-and-bailey castle. With their own supply of food and facilities to repair weapons and armour, the Normans would be able to hold out much longer if the castle was besieged. Development of Castles 6 Terms. To give added protection to the castle, both the Motte and Bailey would be surrounded by a ditch, sometimes filled with water. Motte And Bailey Castles Advantages and Disadvanteges 10 Terms. 2 Answers. NEXT It was evident that there was a need for further innovation in castle defense. Advantages and Disadvantages of Stone Keep Castles. With a usual build time of four to nine months, these castles could allow a lord or king to rapidly lay claim to a newly captured territory, or else … Advantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. Built around 290 AD and known to the Romans as Anderitum, the fort appears to have been the base for a fleet … This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. Mottes were mounds, some natural, some man made, surmounted by a tower. Maddytn. A single tower was built on (or partially within) the motte or earth mound while a courtyard area or bailey at the base was protected by a wooden palisade … William the Conqueror (then the Duke of Normandy), observing their success in neighbouring Anjou, began to build them on his Norman lands. This was the most common form of castle in Europe in the 11th century, except in Scandinavia. 2.Why they were built. It is surrounded by a protective ditch and a fence called a palisade and was the first type of castle to be built in England after the Norman conquest in 1066. Meulemeester, p.105; Cooper, p.18; Butler, p.13. The Bailey was the part of the castle where people lived and animals were kept. All of this could usually be achieved in about a week. The Normans were known for being expert castle builders. The Motte is the circular structure on the left. What were motte-and-bailey castles? Castle Acre Castle. 2. Motte and bailey castles were built first, and when William had founded his reign over England he constructed large stone keep castles. However, a large motte was very difficult to build as it took disproportionately more effort to pile up earth than in the case of smaller hills. Clifford Castle. A drawbridge was used to cross the ditch to give easy access to the bailey. Aim: To understand how castles developed, and to learn some important terminology These sheets cover the following: 1.What a motte and bailey castle is. There are many advantages of motte and bailey castles. As a result further developments in castle building were needed. An example plan of a motte and bailey castle. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep (a fortified tower) on top. Motte and bailey castles appeared in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. While the concept of ditches, ramparts, and stone walls as defensive measures is ancient, raising a motte is a medieval innovation. Maddytn. Liddiard (2005), p.23; King (1991), p.47. Hertford Castle. Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Castle designers realized it was preferable to build in more durable stone. Clare Castle. Burgh Castle. However, as time continued their weaknesses became obvious. The students can also look at the potential effects this may have had on the Saxons by looking at a small video clip … Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. "Motte" redirects here. The development of the castles were cheap and quick. Wooden gate is the entrance to the Bailey. Stone keep castles held many advantages over the motte-and-bailey castles that they superseded. Until the end of the 12th-century, stone-built and earth and timber castles were widely used, but by the late 1100's, Motte-and -Bailey castles made of earth and timber began to fall out of fashion. The castles were quick to build. The strengths and advantages of concentric castles were numerous!What were the Weaknesses and Disadvantages of Concentric … The walls of Restormel are around 2.5m thick and 8m tall – consequently quite a beefy size for a true shell-keep; but the castle was expertly designed for defence, as it boasted a comparatively very deep moat. The stone keep castle was the next step up from the Motte and Bailey because it was made for comfort as well as a sign of power. The thicker end of each line indicates a high point and the thinner end indicates a low point. This was one of the reasons why Motte and Bailey castles were soon replaced by Stone Keep castles. 5.Activity and Task … Why were Motte and Bailey Castles Important? The … The largest motte and bailey castle in Britain is thought to be Old Sarum, located in Wiltshire, England. (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. The five main reasons why Duke William won the Battle of Hastings 5 Terms. They protected the soldiers that William … Advantages of a Motte and Bailey Castle. Windsor Castle - originally a motte and bailey castle. Rockingham Castle … Maddytn. Windsor castle is one of the many homes of our present day Queen. Old Sarum Castle. The bailey might also house workshops and farm animals. As the fire spread through the castle those living inside would be forced to leave allowing the attackers to take them prisoner or kill them. The huge motte … Eye Castle. A drawbridge was used for access to the castle. Motte and bailey Sites. 4.What their advantages and disadvantages were. Oakham Castle. It was built on top of the Motte and could range in size from 25 feet to over 80 feet high. HistoryTred; Subjects. If there were houses where the Normans wanted to build a castle they often just built the motte straight on top. Fire has little effect on a stone castle. There are Guardhouses in some gates which were built besides the gate. A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! Chartley Castle. The most important part of the Motte and Bailey castle was the keep. the boxes with five pieces of information about Beaumaris, Harlech and advantages of a motte and bailey castle. Click the following link for details of Attacking Motte and Bailey castles Attacking a concentric castle during the Middle Ages was made difficult by the skills and designs of the concentric castles by people like King Edward I and his master builder and architect, Master James of St. George. The original Motte and Bailey castle was built in the early 1100s; and the stone work was added in the early 1200s. This was called the bailey and in it soldiers were stationed and animals kept. View of Windsor Castle from the River Thames. Originally, these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone; they were cheap and easy to build and didn't require any special design. Over the following decades the Dukes of Anjou popularised the design. Pevensey Castle is a medieval castle and former Roman Saxon Shore fort at Pevensey in the English county of East Sussex.The site is a Scheduled Monument in the care of English Heritage and is open to visitors. The bailey is a courtyard enclosed and protected by a ditch and a palisade (a wall made from lare wooden stakes). Normans were known for being expert castle builders about a week erect - - some only took a of. 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